OpenOCD
Pending and Open Tasks

This page lists pending and open tasks being considered or worked upon by the OpenOCD community.

The List

Most items are open for the taking, but please post to the mailing list before spending much time working on anything lists here. The community may have evolved an idea since it was added here.

Feel free to send patches to add or clarify items on this list, too.

TCL

This section provides possible things to improve with OpenOCD's TCL support.

  • Fix problem with incorrect line numbers reported for a syntax error in a reset init event.
  • organize the TCL configurations:
    • provide more directory structure for boards/targets?
    • factor configurations into layers (encapsulation and re-use)
  • Fix handling of variables between multiple command line "-c" and "-f" parameters. Currently variables assigned through one such parameter command/script are unset before the next one is invoked.
  • Isolate all TCL command support:
    • Pure C CLI implementations using –disable-builtin-tcl.
      • Allow developers to build new dongles using OpenOCD's JTAG core.
      • At first, provide only low-level JTAG support; target layer and above rely heavily on scripting event mechanisms.
    • Allow full TCL support? add –with-tcl=/path/to/installed/tcl
    • Move TCL support out of foo.[ch] and into foo_tcl.[ch] (other ideas?)

JTAG

This section list issues that need to be resolved in the JTAG layer.

JTAG Core

The following tasks have been suggested for cleaning up the JTAG layer:

  • use tap_set_state everywhere to allow logging TAP state transitions
  • Encapsulate cmd_queue_cur_state and related variable handling.
  • add slick 32 bit versions of jtag_add_xxx_scan() that avoids buf_set_u32() calls and other evidence of poor impedance match between API and calling code. New API should cut down # of lines in calling code by 100's and make things clearer. Also potentially be supported directly in minidriver API for better embedded host performance.

The following tasks have been suggested for adding new core JTAG support:

  • Improve autodetection of TAPs by supporting tcl escape procedures that can configure discovered TAPs based on IDCODE value ... they could:
    • Remove guessing for irlen
    • Allow non-default irmask/ircapture values
  • SPI/UART emulation:
    • (ab)use bit-banging JTAG interfaces to emulate SPI/UART
    • allow SPI to program flash, MCUs, etc.

JTAG Interfaces

There are some known bugs to fix in JTAG adapter drivers:

  • For JTAG_STATEMOVE to TAP_RESET, all drivers must ignore the current recorded state. The tap_get_state() call won't necessarily return the correct value, especially at server startup. Fix is easy: in that case, always issue five clocks with TMS high.
  • bug: USBprog is broken with new tms sequence; it needs 7-clock cycles. Fix promised from Peter Denison openwrt at marshadder.org Workaround: use "tms_sequence long"
    https://lists.berlios.de/pipermail/openocd-development/2009-July/009426.html
    The following tasks have been suggested for improving OpenOCD's JTAG interface support:
  • rework USB communication to be more robust. Two possible options are:
    1. use libusb-1.0.1 with libusb-compat-0.1.1 (non-blocking I/O wrapper)
    2. rewrite implementation to use non-blocking I/O
  • J-Link driver:
    • fix to work with long scan chains, such as R.Doss's svf test.
  • Autodetect USB based adapters; this should be easy on Linux. If there's more than one, list the options; otherwise, just select that one.

The following tasks have been suggested for adding new JTAG interfaces:

  • TCP driver: allow client/server for remote JTAG interface control. This requires a client and a server. The server is built into the normal OpenOCD and takes commands from the client and executes them on the interface returning the result of TCP/IP. The client is an OpenOCD which is built with a TCP/IP minidriver. The use of a minidriver is required to capture all the jtag_add_xxx() fn's at a high enough level and repackage these cmd's as TCP/IP packets handled by the server.

Serial Wire Debug

  • implement Serial Wire Debug interface

Boundary Scan Support

  • add STAPL support?
  • add BSDL support?

A few possible options for the above:

  1. Fake a TCL equivalent?
  2. Integrate an existing library?
  3. Write a new C implementation a la Jim?

Once the above are completed:

  • add support for programming flash using boundary scan techniques
  • add integration with a modified gerber view program:
    • provide means to view the PCB and select pins and traces
    • allow use-cases such as the following:
      • Stimulus
        1. Double-click on a pin (or trace) with the mouse.
      • Effects
        1. The trace starts blinking, and
        2. OpenOCD toggles the pin(s) 0/1.

Target Support

  • Many common ARM cores could be autodetected using IDCODE
  • general layer cleanup:
    https://lists.berlios.de/pipermail/openocd-development/2009-May/006590.html
  • regression: "reset halt" between 729(works) and 788(fails):
    https://lists.berlios.de/pipermail/openocd-development/2009-July/009206.html
  • registers
    • add flush-value operation, call them all on resume/reset
  • mcr/mrc target->type support
    • missing from ARM920t, ARM966e, XScale. It's possible that the current syntax is unable to support read-modify-write operations(see arm966e).
    • mcr/mrc - retire cp15 commands when there the mrc/mrc commands have been tested from: arm926ejs, arm720t, cortex_a8
  • ARM7/9:
  • ARM926EJS:
    • reset run/halt/step is not robust; needs testing to map out problems.
  • ARM11 improvements (MB?)
    • add support for asserting srst to reset the core.
    • Single stepping works, but should automatically use hardware stepping if available.
    • mdb can return garbage data if read byte operation fails for a memory region(16 & 32 byte access modes may be supported). Is this a bug in the .MX31 PDK init script? Try on i.MX31 PDK: mdw 0xb80005f0 0x8, mdh 0xb80005f0 0x10, mdb 0xb80005f0 0x20. mdb returns garabage.
    • implement missing functionality (grep FNC_INFO_NOTIMPLEMENTED ...)
  • Thumb2 single stepping: ARM1156T2 needs simulator support
  • Cortex-A8 support (ML)
    • add target implementation (ML)
  • Cortex-M3 support
    • when stepping, only write dirtied registers (be faster)
    • when connecting to halted core, fetch registers (startup is quirky)
  • Generic ARM run_algorithm() interface
    • tagged struct wrapping ARM instructions and metadata
    • not revision-specific (current: ARMv4+ARMv5 -or- ARMv6 -or- ARMv7)
    • usable with at least arm_nandwrite() and generic CFI drivers
  • ETM
    • don't show FIFOFULL registers if they're not supported
    • use comparators to get more breakpoints and watchpoints
    • add "etm drivers" command
    • trace driver init() via examine() paths only, not setup()/reset
  • MC1322x support (JW/DE?)
    • integrate and test support from JW (and DE?)
    • get working with a known good interface (i.e. not today's jlink)
  • AT91SAM92xx:
    • improvements for unknown-board-atmel-at91sam9260.cfg (RD)
  • STR9x: (ZW)
    • improvements to str912.cfg to be more general purpose
  • AVR: (SQ)
    • independently verify implementation
    • incrementally improve working prototype in trunk. (SQ)
    • work out how to debug this target
    • AVR debugging protocol.
  • FPGA:
    • Altera Nios Soft-CPU support
  • Coldfire (suggested by NC)

SVF/XSVF

  • develop SVF unit tests
  • develop XSVF unit tests

Flash Support

  • finish documentation for the following flash drivers:
    • avr
    • pic32mx
    • ocl
    • str9xpec
  • Don't expect writing all-ones to be a safe way to write without changing bit values. Minimally it loses on flash modules with internal ECC, where it may change the ECC.
  • Make sure all commands accept either a bank name or a bank number, and be sure both identifiers show up in "flash banks" and "nand list". Right now the user-friendly names are pretty much hidden...

CFI

  • finish implementing bus width/chip width handling (suggested by NC)
  • factor vendor-specific code into separate source files
    • add new callback interface for vendor-specific code
  • investigate/implement "thin wrapper" to use eCos CFI drivers (ØH)

Debugger Support

Testing Suite

This section includes several related groups of ideas:

Unit Tests

  • add testing skeleton to provide frameworks for adding tests
  • implement server unit tests
  • implement JTAG core unit tests
  • implement JTAG interface unit tests
  • implement flash unit tests
  • implement target unit tests

Smoke Test Tools

  1. extend 'make check' with a smoketest app
    • checks for OOCD_TEST_CONFIG, etc. in environment (or config file)
    • if properly set, runs the smoke test with specified parameters
      • openocd -f ${OOCD_TEST_CONFIG}
      • implies a modular test suite (see below)
    • should be able to run some minimal tests with dummy interface:
      • compare results of baseline sanity checks with expected results
  2. builds a more complete test suite:
    • existing testing/examples/ look like a great start
    • all targets should be tested fully and for all capabilities
      • we do NOT want a "lowest common denominator" test suite
      • ... but can we start with one to get going?
    • probably requires one test configuration file per board/target
      • modularization can occur here, just like with targets/boards/chips
      • coverage can increase over time, building up bundles of tests
  3. add new 'smoketest' Makefile target:
    • calls 'make check' (and the smoketest app)
    • gather inputs and output into a report file

Test Feedback Tools

These ideas were first introduced here:

https://lists.berlios.de/pipermail/openocd-development/2009-May/006358.html
  • provide report submission scripts for e-mail and web forms
  • add new Makefile targets to post the report:
    • 'checkreportsend' – send to list via e-mail (via sendmail)
    • 'checkreportpost' – send web form (via curl or other script)

Generic Hardware Tester

  • implement VHDL to use for FPGA-based JTAG TAP testing device
  • develop test suite that utilizes this testing device

Autotools Build System

  • make entire configure process require less user consideration:
    • automatically detect the features that are available, unless options were specifically provided to configure
    • provide a report of the drivers that will be build at the end of running configure, so the users can verify which drivers will be built during 'make' (and their options) .
  • eliminate sources of confusion in bootstrap script:
    1. Make bootstrap call 'configure –enable-maintainer-mode <opts>'?
    2. Add buildstrap script to assist with bootstrap and configure steps.
  • automatically build tool-chains required for cross-compiling
    • produce mingw32, arm-elf, others using in-tree scripts
    • build all required target code from sources
  • make JTAG and USB debug output a run-time configuration option

Architectural Tasks

The following architectural tasks need to be accomplished and should be fairly easy to complete:

  • use dynamic allocations for working memory. Scan & fix code for excessive stack allocations. take linux/scripts/checkstack.pl and see what the worst offenders are. Dynamic stack allocations are found at the bottom of the list below. Example, on amd64:

    $ objdump -d | checkstack.pl | head -10 0x004311e3 image_open [openocd]: 13464 0x00431301 image_open [openocd]: 13464 0x004237a4 target_array2mem [openocd]: 4376 0x0042382b target_array2mem [openocd]: 4376 0x00423e74 target_mem2array [openocd]: 4360 0x00423ef9 target_mem2array [openocd]: 4360 0x00404aed handle_svf_command [openocd]: 2248 0x00404b7e handle_svf_command [openocd]: 2248 0x00413581 handle_flash_fill_command [openocd]: 2200 0x004135fa handle_flash_fill_command [openocd]: 2200

  • clean-up code to match style guides
  • factor code to eliminate duplicated functionality
  • rewrite code that uses casts to access 16-bit and larger types from unaligned memory addresses
  • libopenocd support:
    https://lists.berlios.de/pipermail/openocd-development/2009-May/006405.html
  • review and clean up interface/target/flash APIs

The following strategic tasks will require ambition, knowledge, and time to complete:

  • overhaul use of types to improve 32/64-bit portability
    • types for both host and target word sizes?
    • can we use GDB's CORE_TYPE support?
  • Allow N:M:P mapping of servers, targets, and interfaces
  • loadable module support for interface/target/flash drivers and commands
    • support both static and dynamic modules.
    • should probably use libltdl for dynamic library handing.

Documentation Tasks

  • Develop milestone and release guidelines, processes, and scripts.
  • Develop "style" guidelines (and scripts) for maintainers:
    • reviewing patches
    • committing to git
  • Review Users' Guide for documentation errors or omissions
    • "capture" and "ocd_find" commands
    • "ocd_" prefix on various stuff
  • Update Developer's Manual (doxygen output)
    • Add documentation describing the architecture of each module
    • Provide more Technical Primers to bootstrap contributor knowledge